Managing Diabetes with Diet & Food Planning

Alongside exercise, a healthy diet is an important element of the lifestyle management of diabetes, as well as being preventive against the onset of type 2 diabetes.

Dietary concerns vary slightly for people with different types of diabetes. For people with type 1 diabetes, diet is about managing fluctuations in blood glucose levels while for people with type 2 diabetes, it is about losing weight and restricting calorie intake.

For people with type 1 diabetes, the timing of meals is particularly important in terms of glycemic control and in relation to the effects of insulin injection.

The following are some general dietary tips for a healthy lifestyle:2-5

Eat regularly – avoid the effects on glucose levels of skipping meals or having delayed meals because of work or long journeys (take healthy snacks with you)

Eat vegetables and fruits

Eat vegetables and fruits , but avoid high-calorie sauces and food containing added salt or sugar

Whole grains high in fiber are recommended as a healthy source of carbohydrate

Whole grains high in fiber are recommended as a healthy source of carbohydrate

Eat pulses, a low-fat starchy source of protein and fiber, such as beans, lentils, chickpeas and garden peas

Eat pulses, a low-fat starchy source of protein and fiber, such as beans, lentils, chickpeas and garden peas

Eat fish twice a week or more such as salmon, mackerel, sardine, trout and herring, which are rich sources of omega-3

Eat fish twice a week or more, but avoid batters and frying - go for oily fish such as salmon, mackerel, sardine, trout and herring, which are rich sources of omega-3

Avoid partially hydrogenated vegetable oils and limit saturated fat and trans fat

Avoid partially hydrogenated vegetable oils and limit saturated fat and trans fat - replace them with monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats

Cut back on sugar by avoiding added sugars in drinks and foods - have tea and coffee without sugar, avoid fruit that is canned in syrup and pay attention to food labels

Cut back on sugar by avoiding added sugars in drinks and foods
Dairy awareness helps reduce fat intake

Dairy awareness helps reduce fat intake - select skim (fat-free) milk and low-fat (1%) dairy products, reduce consumption of cheese and butter and swap out creamy sauces for tomato-based ones

Cut back on salt - prepare foods at home with little or no salt and avoid foods with high sodium such as processed foods

Cut back on salt - prepare foods at home with little or no salt and avoid foods with high sodium such as processed foods

Cut back on portion sizes - be wary of amounts consumed when eating out

Cut back on portion sizes - be wary of amounts consumed when eating out
Be wary of "diabetic" foods - they are of no particular benefit and can be expensive

Be wary of "diabetic" foods - they are of no particular benefit and can be expensive

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