Kidney disease is usually caused by other conditions that put a strain on the kidneys. Often it’s the result of a combination of different problems.
CKD can be caused by:
- high blood pressure– over time, this can put strain on the small blood vessels in the kidneys and stop the kidneys working properly
- diabetes– too much glucose in your blood can damage the tiny filters in the kidneys
- high cholesterol– this can cause a build-up of fatty deposits in the blood vessels supplying your kidneys, which can make it harder for them to work properly
- kidney infections
- glomerulonephritis – kidney inflammation
- polycystic kidney disease– an inherited condition where growths called cysts develop in the kidneys
- blockages in the flow of urine – for example, from recurrent kidney stones or an enlarged prostate
- long-term, regular use of certain medicines – such as lithium and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
You can help prevent CKD by making healthy lifestyle changes and ensuring any underlying conditions you have are well controlled.
Causes of CKD
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) can be diagnosed with blood and urine tests.
In many cases, it’s only picked up because a routine blood or urine test indicates that the kidneys may not be working normally.