Asthma and Asthma in Children

Common signs and symptoms of asthma in children include: a frequent cough that becomes worse with a viral infection, occurs during sleep, and increases with exercise or exposure to cold air, whistling or whistling sound is heard when exhaling and shortness of breath

 
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Symptoms:

  • a frequent cough that becomes worse with a viral infection, occurs during sleep, and increases with exercise or exposure to cold air
  • whistling or whistling sound is heard when exhaling
  • shortness of breath
  • Chest congestion or tightness.
  • Sleep disturbance due to shortness of breath, coughing and wheezing
  • Delayed healing or bronchitis after a respiratory infection.
  • Difficulty breathing that may limit sports and exercising

 

Reasons

  • Genetic tendency to develop allergies (Parental asthma)
  • Some types of airway infections at an early age
  • Exposure to air pollutants such as tobacco smoking or other forms of air pollution
  • Allergies to dust mites, pet dander, pollen, or mold

 

Risk Factors

  • Exposure to tobacco smoke, including before birth
  • Living in a highly polluted area
  • obesity
  • A blood relative (a parent or sibling) with asthma

 

When should you see a doctor?

  • Rapid worsening of shortness of breath or wheezing
  • No improvement even after using a rapid-acting inhaler
  • Shortness of breath when doing minimal physical activities
 
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Treatment

Depending on the information you provide about how effective your child’s current medications are in controlling signs and symptoms of asthma, your child’s doctor may step up the treatment to a higher dose or add another type of medication.

If your child’s asthma is well controlled, the doctor may reduce treatment by reducing your child’s medications. This approach is known as the stepwise approach to treating asthma contains long-acting control medications, fast-acting medications, and drug delivery devices

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Protection

  • Recognizing Asthma Triggers where some asthma triggers can trigger a series of asthma attacks.
  • Avoid allergens by following these steps; take the vaccine and to take asthma medications as prescribed
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