Depression

A mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness, loss of pleasure, interest in usual things, and a lack of focus. It may be accompanied by feelings of guilt, insignificance, and low self-esteem.

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Causes of sudden depression

health problems…

hormonal changes…

Sleep disorders …

Consumption of drugs and alcohol…

smoking…

Loneliness …

death or loss…

Disputes

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Symptoms of depression

Depressive mood…Loss of pleasure…Fatigue…Loss of self-confidence and loss of self-esteem…Criticism of oneself without reasonable reasons or feelings of unfounded guilt…Recurring thoughts of death, self-destruction, or self-destructive behaviors… Feelings of hesitation and inability to concentrate…mental retardation and agitation.

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Complications

Depression is a serious disorder that can have a severe impact on a person and their family. Depression often worsens if left untreated, leading to emotional, behavioral, and health problems that affect all areas of life.

Complications associated with depression include:

  • Being overweight or obese, which can lead to heart disease or diabetes

Pain or physical illness

  • Addiction to alcohol or drugs
  • Anxiety, panic disorder or social anxiety
  • Family conflicts or relationship difficulties and problems at work or school
  • Social isolation
  • Feeling the urge to commit suicide or attempts to commit or commit suicide

Self-mutilation is like self-mutilation

  • Premature death as a result of medical conditions

Treatment

Medications and psychotherapy are effective for most people with depression. Your primary care doctor or psychiatrist can prescribe medications to relieve symptoms. However, many people with depression also benefit from seeing a psychiatrist, psychologist, or other experienced mental health professional.

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Risk factors

Depression often begins in a person’s teens, twenties, and thirties, but it can appear at any age. Women are diagnosed with depression more often than men, but this may be because women are more likely to seek treatment.

Factors that may increase your risk of depression include:

Some personality traits, such as low self-confidence, high dependence, and self-criticism or pessimism

  • Traumatic or stressful events such as physical or sexual abuse, death or separation of a loved one, and financial problems
  • Having close relatives with a history of depression, bipolar disorder, alcoholism, or suicide
  • You have one of the following characteristics in an unsupportive environment: homosexuality, bisexuality, transgenderism, or a difference in genital development that makes you unclear about your gender (intersex)

You have a history of other mental disorders, such as anxiety disorder, appetite disorder, or post-traumatic stress disorder

  • Misuse of alcohol or recreational drugs
  • If you have chronic and serious diseases, such as cancer, stroke, chronic pain, and heart disease
  • Certain medications, such as some high blood pressure medications or sleeping pills (talk to your doctor before stopping any medication)

 

Protection

There is no sure way to prevent depression. However, these strategies can help.

  • Take the necessary steps to control psychological stress, to increase flexibility and to raise the degree of self-esteem.
  • Connect with family and friends, especially in times of crisis, to help you withstand difficulties.
  • Get treatment at the first sign of a problem to help prevent depression from getting worse.
  • Consider getting long-term maintenance therapy to help prevent symptoms from recurring
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