Genetic Blood Diseases

It is a group of diseases that are transmitted from parents to children, and are caused by a defect in the formation and components of red blood cells, which results in the inability of red blood cells to perform their normal functions and the emergence of pathological symptoms. The most important types of genetic blood diseases are Thalassemia and sickle cell anemia

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Types of genetic blood diseases

Hereditary blood diseases can include:

Thalassemia

Sickle cell anemia

Hemophilia

Von Willebrand disease

Hereditary erythrocytosis

 
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Treatment

Giving the patient folic acid tablets to help form red blood cells. Some people with thalassemia may need to get rid of excess iron that has accumulated due to the constant breakdown of red cells, and this can be done with the medication Desferal. Some patients with thalassemia major require splenectomy

 
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Symptoms:

Frequent episodes of pain in different parts of the body, depending on where the red blood cell breakage and microvascular blockage occurred, such as:

Pain in the abdomen, joints, or extremities.

Chronic anemia.

Frequent infection;

Symptoms of malnutrition, short stature, and slow growth.

Bone deformities

Drowsiness and tiredness

Preventing hereditary blood diseases

Knowing and reviewing your family history of the disease: This is an important part of preventing hereditary blood diseases.

Conducting a premarital examination: This examination helps in detecting the possibility of having children with hereditary blood diseases, which limits the spread of these diseases.

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