The heart and lungs of children

Heart

 There are many children with heart disease, including what is congenital and what is gained, i.e. the child develops it as a result of certain factors. Medical developments in the field of cardiology in children have been remarkable in recent years thanks to medical progress, both at the level of surgery and at the level of treatments, in addition to the availability of many specialized hospitals in pediatrics due to the sensitivity of dealing with this age group and the importance of obtaining excellent healthcare.

lungs

The most common infection of the child’s lungs is pneumonia, which is an infection that affects the depths of one or two lungs.

 

Symptoms: –

heart

    • Grey or pale blue skin (blue)
    • Rapid breathing
    • Swelling of the legs, abdomen or areas around the eye
    • Shortness of breath during nutrition, leading to poor weight gain
  • Lungs

    • Cough
    • Fever
    • Vomit
    • Speed of breathing
    • Snaffly behaved
    • Poor appetite

 

Reasons:-

  • Pneumonia is a severe respiratory inflammation of the lungs. The causes of the disease vary to include bacteria, viruses and air fungi. If the child develops this disease, his lungs are filled with fluids and it is difficult for him to breathe. The children most vulnerable to pneumonia are newborns whose immunity has not been completed, for example, weakened by malnutrition orAIDS.
  • One of the main causes that can lead to a congenital heart disease is the mother’s pregnancy at an advanced age, or diabetes, as heart birth defects represent about 50% of the defects and abnormalities that affect the fetus due to diabetes in pregnant women due to high blood sugar in the pregnant mother

 

Risk factors: –

  • heart

    • During pregnancy, getting a fever can cause problems during the baby’s heart development.
    • Diabetes
    • Medicines
    • Alcohol intake during pregnancy. Avoid alcohol intake during pregnancy because it increases your risk of congenital heart
    • Smoking
    • Heredity
  • Lungs

       The causes of the disease vary to include bacteria, viruses and air fungi. If the child develops this disease, his lungs are filled with fluids and it is difficult for him to breathe. The children most vulnerable to pneumonia are newborns whose immunity has not been completed, for example, weakened by malnutrition orAIDS.

 

When to visit your doctor:

Serious heart defects are diagnosed shortly before or shortly thereafter. Contact your child’s doctor if you notice any of the above signs and symptoms.

Contact your child’s doctor if you notice any of the less serious signs of birth defects or symptoms during your child’s development. Your doctor will tell you if your child’s symptoms are due to a heart defect or another health condition.

 

Treatment:-

 heart

    • Echocardiogram in children
    • Echocardiogram in children and application of colored doppler (ultrasound of the heart)
    • Holter systems 24 hours
    • Holter Blood Pressure
    • Voltage test
    • Cardiac angiography procedures
    • Pediatric Heart Surgery

 

     Lungs

The treatment of pneumonia depends on its type. In developing countries, the type of pneumonia caused by bacteria predominates and can be treated with cheap antibiotics. However, one third of children with pneumonia are unable to obtain antibiotics because they lack an effective health system. There are other causes of pneumonia, such as viruses or fungi (such as tuberculosis). Tuberculosis itself usually remains undiagnosed.

Children with severe pneumonia need oxygen, because acute lung infection prevents them from getting enough oxygen to pump into the blood. But in countries that do not have an effective health system, oxygen is only available in major health centres andhospitals.

 

Prevention:-

  • Get the rubella vaccine. If you develop al-Hamra infection during pregnancy, this may affect your baby’s heart development.
  • Control of chronic medical conditions. If you have diabetes, keeping your blood sugar under control can reduce your risk of heart defects. If you have other chronic diseases, such as epilepsy, which requires taking medications, discuss the risks and benefits of these medications with your doctor.
  • Avoid hazardous substances. During pregnancy, leave coloring and cleaning with products that smell strong for someone else. Also, do not take any medications, herbs or supplements without consulting your doctor first.
  • Take multivitamins containing folic acid. It turns out that daily intake of 400 micrograms of folic acid reduces birth defects in the brain and spinal cord, and may help reduce the risk of heart defects as well.
  • Drinking fluids
  • Nutrition
  • Care at home
  • Enough sleep.
 
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