Allergic Rhinitis

It is an inflammation of the membranes lining the nose, and it occurs when breathing or inhaling one of the substances that the patient is allergic to (irritants), where a group of symptoms begin to appear within minutes of exposure to these substances, and can affect sleep, ability to work, and focus at school


Symptoms of allergic rhinitis

Some people can experience allergy symptoms for a few months during the year, because they are sensitive to seasonal triggers, such as: pollen and mold spores.

As for others, they may suffer from allergy symptoms permanently, because they may be exposed to the rest of the stimuli present throughout the year, and this type of allergy is called permanent allergy.

Symptoms and signs of allergic rhinitis include:

  • Sneezing.
  • Nasal congestion and runny nose.
  • Coughing.
  • Itching in the nose and throat.
  • Nasal secretions descent back towards the respiratory tract or esophagus.
  • Tired.
  • Redness, tears and itching in the eyes.
  • Swelling and blue discoloration of the eyelid under the eye.

Causes of allergic rhinitis

Exposure to a lot of smells such as cleaning materials and different types of perfume. A person develops allergic rhinitis when exposed to dust and air. Exposure to automobile exhaust and factory smoke. Not paying attention to personal hygiene Click for the latest developments in the new Corona virus.


Diagnosis of allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is diagnosed by the following procedures:

Taking the patient’s medical history.

Conducting a clinical examination.

Performing one or both of the following diagnostic tests:

A blood test to measure the amount of allergy-causing antibodies in the bloodstream, and this test is called the radiological allergic adsorbent test.

Under the skin prick test, to check the types of causes that trigger allergic rhinitis.

It may be required to perform a nasal endoscopy, x-rays of the nose, or computerized tomography (CT).


Allergic Rhinitis Treatment

The best way to treat allergic rhinitis is to avoid triggers as much as possible, however your doctor may prescribe some types of medication to relieve allergy symptoms.

The type of treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms and the general health of the patient. The available medication options to treat allergic rhinitis are as follows:

  1. Washing the sinuses with sterile saline.
  2. Antihistamines.
  3. Decongestants.
  4. Leukotriene modifier.
  5. Oral corticosteroids.
  6. Sublingual tablets for allergies.
  7. Anti-allergic injections.
  8. Nasal sprays
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