What is a Bruise?

A bruise is abrasion or shock on the surface of the body, resulting in external injury to the muscles and ligaments.

The severity of the shock ranges from a superficial bruise to a deep rupture and bleeding, while the extent of the injury affected by this bruise depends on its location and the severity of the accident.

The degree and severity of the injury is estimated a few hours after its occurrence.


What are the signs of bruising?

  • The appearance of aswelled area as a result of the collection and clotting of blood running in this area.
  • Pain in the bruising area.
  • Internal bleeding as a result of tearing capillaries and cutting in the continuity of the circulatory system, which causes blood to rush to the area of the surrounding membranes.
  • Change the color of the membranes and outer skin.
  • Inability to move temporarily in relation to minor bruises, and loss of the ability to move entirely in relation to severe bruising, due to pressure on the sensory and motor nerves.



If the bruise is in the joint:

  • Cold water compresses are used for half an hour, to control bleeding and blood clotting within the joint, if any.
  • Use a pressure band around the joint.
  • Complete joint comfort.


If the bruise is in the nerve:

  • Use heat and heating.
  • Complete comfort of the affected nerve.
  • Do not use massage over the affected nerve so that the inflammation does not increase.
  • Protect the nerve from future injuries using protective devices.


If the bruise is in the bone:

  • Complete rest until the effects of this bleeding subside.
  • Use hot compresses.


If the bruise is in the muscle:

  • Use cold compresses.
  • Compression strap.
  • Comfort.
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