A headache is a pain in the head, scalp, or neck. The main cause of all headaches is unknown. Most people would get better if they changed their lifestyle, trained how to relax, or took medications. There is a tension headache caused by stiff muscles in the shoulders, neck, scalp, or jaw.


Headache types

There are three main types of headaches:

Tension headaches, migraines, and cluster headaches. Each has different causes and symptoms. The headache is moderate or severe. Migraines differ from tension headaches in that the pain is often on one side of the head, and can be described as a throbbing pain.


Tension Headache

A tension headache is generally a sharp or moderate pain that radiates into your head, often described as the feeling of your head being tightly tied. Tension headaches are the most common type of headache, and their causes are not yet known.


Tension headache treatments are available. Managing a tension headache is a balance between adopting healthy habits, receiving drug-free treatments, and taking the right medication.


Causes of tension headaches

drinking alcohol

Eye strain.

dry eyes;

Fatigue and tiredness.


cold or flu


Excessive caffeine intake



Simple over-the-counter pain relievers are usually the first treatment for headache pain. These include medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), and naproxen (Aleve). Prescription medications include naproxen (Naprosyn), indomethacin (Indocin), and ketorolac (ketorolac tromethamine).


What is a migraine?

The name migraine is derived from one of the characteristics of migraine, in which migraine usually affects one-half of the head, a chronic disease that manifests itself in recurrent headaches accompanied by physical and psychological phenomena, a common disease in about 12% of the population.


Migraine causes

Changes in temperature.

  • Playing sports.

Tiredness, tension or relaxation after being tired.

Moving the head in a certain way or pressing on the neck.

  • Flashing lights.
  • Pressure nervous.

Changes in sleep patterns.


Psychiatric treatment

Apply an ice pack or cold compress to your forehead, scalp, or neck to reduce pain in the area. Applying compresses or ice will reduce blood flow to the area, and this may relieve migraine pain.


Cluster headache

Cluster headaches, which occur in periodic patterns or cluster periods, are one of the most painful types of headaches. Cluster headaches usually wake you up in the middle of the night with severe pain in or around one eye on one side of your head.


Causes cluster headaches

The exact cause of cluster headaches is unknown, but cluster headache patterns suggest disruptions in the body’s biological clock (the hypothalamus) play a role.

Once a cluster headache starts, drinking alcohol quickly can trigger a migraine attack. For this reason, many people with cluster headaches avoid alcohol during a cluster headache.

Other triggers include Use of drugs such as nitroglycerin, a drug used to treat heart conditions.



Pain in one side


Increased secretion of tears

Redness of the eye on the affected side

A stuffy or runny nose on the affected side

Forehead or face sweating on the affected side

Pale skin or increased redness of the face

Inflammation of the area around the eye on the affected side

Eyelid drooping on the affected side



There is no cure for cluster headaches. Treatment aims to reduce the intensity of pain, reduce the duration of headaches, and prevent attacks.


Because cluster headache pain occurs suddenly and may subside within a short period of time, cluster headaches can be difficult to evaluate and treat, as they require fast-acting medications.


Some strong types of medication may provide some quick pain relief. The therapies listed below have been shown to be the most effective in the preventive and effective treatment of cluster headaches

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