Primary Care for Newborn Baby

Newborns need more care and attention than other babies, taking care of a newborn is not easy as the mother has to bear the tasks of breastfeeding, upbringing, hygiene, health care, giving the child vaccinations, constantly monitoring the child’s weight and blood strength, and many other things.


Newborn disease symptoms

  • uncomfortable crying
  • lukewarm or limp
  • Suffering from convulsions
  • The fontanelle, which is the soft spot on the top of his head, begins to swell
  • purple spots on his skin, or another type of rash
  • pale or discolored
  • He suffers from breathing problems
  • Refuses to breastfeed or drink from a bottle
  • seems to be having trouble swallowing

Causes of neonatal disease

Newborns suffer from stomach cramps, forcing them to cry and scream as a result of overfeeding or feeding the child in the wrong way that leads to air entering his stomach or the incomplete development of the lower esophageal muscles, which leads to gastric juice. Carrots that cause acidity


Risk factors

  • you have had a premature birth before
  • Pregnancy with twins, triplets, or more
  • There is a period of fewer than six months between pregnancy and the next
  • Pregnancy by IVF
  • Problems with the uterus, cervix, or placenta
  • smoking cigarettes or taking drugs
  • Infection with some infections, especially in the amniotic fluid and the lower genital tract
  • Certain chronic conditions, such as high blood pressure and diabetes
  • Weight loss or gain before pregnancy
  • Stressful life events such as the death of a loved one or domestic violence
  • Suffering from spontaneous abortion or induced abortion several times
  • bodily injury or trauma

When should you see a doctor?

Your child goes through different stages of his life with several symptoms, some of which are familiar and common among his peers, and there is no fear of them, and you can deal with them on your own without the need for a doctor, and others indicate the presence of health problems that require an immediate visit to a specialist, such as

  • Continuous rise in temperature
  • Skin rash
  • puffiness in the face
  • Unexplained crying or lethargy
  • Pale skin and chest pain accompanied by wheezing during breathing

Basic neonatal care

All children must have:

  • thermal protection (by promoting skin-to-skin contact between mother and child);
  • Health care of the umbilical cord and skin.
  • Early and exclusive breastfeeding
  • Bring the child for vaccination in a timely manner according to national schedules.
  • Assess cases for signs of serious health problems or need for additional care (eg babies with low birth weight, sick or HIV-positive mothers)
  • Preventive treatment (eg immunization against tuberculosis, hepatitis B virus, vitamin K, and eye precautions)
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