Thermal Injuries

What are Thermal injuries?

Vital functions of the human body are affected by exposure to high temperatures. It may put the body at high risk of collapse.


Thermal cramping

An imbalance in the sensitivity of the electrical activity in the muscle cells due to muscle contraction without loosening.



Due to the loss of a large amount of sodium and potassium due to profuse sweating in the hot air.


How to manage thermal cramping?

prolong the contracting muscle and compensate for the lost fluids and consume Well balanced nutrition.


Thermal fatigue

The inability of the circulatory system and the thermal control device to keep pace with the rise in body temperature is a result of physical exertion in hot weather.



include high heart rate, low sweating, a decrease in the amount of saliva with severe fatigue and dizziness.



Stop exercising and transfer the injured to a cool, shady place and cool the body by drinking fluids, moisturizing the body and providing good ventilation to the injured part. In the event that the symptoms do not disappear, the patient must be transferred to the nearest medical center.


Heat exhaustion and heatstroke

There’s a high risk of heat exhaustion or heat stroke during hot weather or exercise.

To help prevent heat exhaustion or heatstroke:

  • drink plenty of cold drinks, especially when exercising
  • take cool baths or showers
  • wear light-colored, loose clothing
  • sprinkle water over skin or clothes
  • avoid the sun between 11 am and 3 pm
  • avoid excess alcohol
  • avoid extreme exercise




This will also prevent dehydration and help your body keep itself cool.

Keep an eye on children, the elderly, and people with long-term health conditions (like diabetes or heart problems) because they’re more at risk of heat exhaustion or heat stroke.

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