A UTI is an infection that begins in the urinary system. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, urinary tubes, bladder, and urethra. Infection can attack any component of the urinary tract, but the lower part of the urinary tract, ie the urethra and bladder, is most susceptible to infection.
The causes vary depending on the type of inflammation, as follows:
Urinary tract infection is caused by bacteria entering the urinary system through the urethra and then multiplying in the bladder.
The cause of cystitis in most cases is the bacteria Escherichia coli, this type of bacteria is present in the digestive system and intestines, and having sex may lead to cystitis, but it is not necessary for a person to be sexually active in order to get this infection
If a UTI is treated promptly and well, complications are rare, but if the infection is not treated, it can worsen and lead to more severe symptoms that cause significant distress.
Acute or chronic kidney inflammation can cause permanent kidney damage. Low birth weight or premature babies in case of infection during pregnancy. A woman with a urinary tract infection is more than three times more likely to develop additional infections in the future.
If a person develops symptoms characteristic of a UTI in a generally healthy person, the primary and most effective treatment for UTIs is antibiotics. The type of medication and the duration of treatment are determined according to the patient’s general health and the type of bacteria detected in the urine test.