Eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables including whole-grain and high-fiber foods.
Eat fish at least twice a week, preferably oily fish, or talk to your health care provider about taking omega-3 fatty acid (fish oil) supplements. Pregnant women should avoid fish with high mercury levels.
Do your best to eat less salt (sodium). Try to limit your sodium to 1500 mg a day.
Eat very little saturated fat (such as fat from meat, cheese, and butter): less than 7% of your total calories a day. • Eat less than 150 mg of cholesterol a day.
Avoid trans-fatty acids. No trans-fats is the goal.
Stop drinking alcohol!
Stop Smoking Cigarettes
Get counseling, nicotine replacement, or drug therapy (if needed) and find a group program to help you stop smoking.
Exercise and Weight Loss
Get 150 minutes of moderate intensity exercise a week, such as brisk walking. If you are trying to lose weight, then you will need 60 to 90 minutes a day.